Flemish Primitives

Painting of the 15th and early 16th Century in the Southern Low Countries is a brilliant high point in the history of art. These painters are generally referred to as the "Flemish primitives". It is an artistic flourishing period that is distinguished by a highly-permeating refinement of oil painting and by an assiduousness to reproduce the visible world in as detailed manner as possible. This realism is also applied to the religious imagery or iconography. Moreover, the Flemish primitives emphasise a previously unseen religious expressivity that ushers in a new tradition in painting. The commissions not only came from the various courts and religious institutions, but also from the cities and their citizenry. For the first time, the painter received a very prominent position in the society. Through contacts amongst Flanders, Northern Italy and other regions on the continent, this typical Flemish art of painting influenced all of Europe.
Quinten Massijs, The LamentationCC0, image artinflanders.be, photo Hugo Maertens
Detail from: Quinten Massijs, The Lamentation, 1500 - 1549, M Leuven
AM Lynen
Read the article 'Flemish Primitives: what's in a name?'
Dieric Bouts, Triptych of Saint ErasmusCC0, image artinflanders.be, photo Dominique Provost
Dieric Bouts, Triptych of Saint Erasmus, ca. 1460-1464, M Leuven (Saint Peter's Church)
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Jan van Eyck, Portrait of Margareta van EyckCC0, Image artinflanders.be, photo Hugo Maertens
Rogier van der Weyden, Diptych of Philippe de CroyCC0, image artinflanders.be, photo Hugo Maertens
Hans Memling, Diptych of Maarten van NieuwenhoveCC0, image artinflanders.be, photo Hugo Maertens
Jan Provoost, CrucifixionCC0, image artinflanders.be, photo Hugo Maertens
Jean Fouquet, Madonna surrounded by Seraphim and CherubimCC0, image artinflanders.be, photo Hugo Maertens
Hugo van der Goes, The DormitionCC0, foto Dominique Provost
Unknown painter, Birth of Jesus, Panel of the Antwerp-Baltimore PolyptychCC0, photo Ans Brys

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