The Last Judgement

Public Domain

Artist / maker

Raphael Coxie (painters (artists))

Date

ca. 1588 - ca. 1589

Period

16th century
In 1588 the Magistrature of Ghent commissioned Rafaël Coxie to paint The Last Judgement for the aldermen’s courtroom at the town hall in Ghent. It was meant to replace The Last Judgement by Cornelis van der Goes, a late fifteenth-century work that had been lost during the iconoclasm. In this aldermen’s court, where sentences were passed, it was traditional to…
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In 1588 the Magistrature of Ghent commissioned Rafaël Coxie to paint The Last Judgement for the aldermen’s courtroom at the town hall in Ghent. It was meant to replace The Last Judgement by Cornelis van der Goes, a late fifteenth-century work that had been lost during the iconoclasm. In this aldermen’s court, where sentences were passed, it was traditional to hang up scenes of justice. These would remind the judges and the accused of God’s last judgement. Coxie’s portrayal is fairly traditional. Christ is seated on a cloud, surrounded by saints and angels; on the lower left the blessed kneel while on the right the damned are dragged into hell by satyrs and monsters. The life-size nudes at the bottom left of the panel are reminiscent of Michelangelo; the section set in heaven reminds us of Raphael. Rafaël was the son of Michael Coxie and was named after the Italian painter Raphael, whom Michael greatly admired. Father and son are exponents of the Italian trend in 16th-century Flemish painting.
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More about this work

Features
Artist / maker Raphael Coxie VIAF RKD Wikidata
Type oil paintings (visual works) AAT
Category paintings (visual works)
Materials oil paint , panel
Dimensions 298 x 363 cm
Location Work on display
Object number S-54
Description
Subject religious symbolism AAT
Tags Last Judgement Iconclass, comprehensive representation of Last Judgement: Christ (with sword and lily), often surrounded by elders and sometimes accompanied by Mary and John the Baptist, appears in the sky with trumpeting angels (and sometimes angels holding the instruments of the Passion); after the resurrection of the dead the blessed are led to heaven by angels, and the damned are dragged into hell by devils Iconclass, heaven represented in the air, with clouds (in concentric circles) and light Iconclass, Christ Iconclass, Christ as adult Iconclass, prophets, sibyls, evangelists, Doctors of the Church; persons ~ the Bible (not in biblical context) Iconclass, Moses (not in biblical context); possible attributes: rays of light or horns on his head, rod, Tables of the Law Iconclass, the ten commandments represented together on stone tablets Iconclass, (public) prayer Iconclass, hell and purgatory Iconclass, symbols of hell (+ devil(s)) Iconclass, devil(s) and demons Iconclass, angels Iconclass, saints Iconclass, female saints Iconclass, angels singing, making music Iconclass, horn, trumpet, cornet, trombone, tuba Iconclass, male sex; man Iconclass, female sex; woman Iconclass, adult man Iconclass, adult woman Iconclass, the (nude) human figure; 'Corpo humano' (Ripa) Iconclass, standing figure Iconclass, the (nude) human figure; 'Corpo humano' (Ripa) - AA - female human figure Iconclass, leaning forward Iconclass, leaning forward - AA - female human figure Iconclass, squatting, crouching figure Iconclass, head turned sideways Iconclass, arm raised upward Iconclass, postures and gestures of arms and hands in relation to each other Iconclass, postures and gestures of hand and fingers Iconclass, postures and gestures of the hand Iconclass, morphology of facial expression Iconclass, mouth wide open Iconclass, looking upwards Iconclass, looking downwards Iconclass, symbols of Last Judgement Iconclass, resurrection of the dead ~ Last Judgement Iconclass, division of the blessed and the damned ~ Last Judgement Iconclass, clothes, costume Iconclass, magistracy, judges Iconclass, judicial verdict Iconclass, law and jurisprudence Iconclass, accusation (in court) Iconclass, law and jurisprudence (+ accusation) Iconclass, court building Iconclass
Vlaamse Kunstcollectie - EN

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