Calvary

Public Domain

Artist / maker

Maarten van Heemskerck (painters (artists))

Date

1543

Period

16th century
The Crucifixion by Maarten van Heemskerck comes from the convent of the Rich Clares in Ghent. Various aspects of the Passion have been brought together here in one scene. The crucified Christ hangs high above the crowd, between the good and the bad murderers. One soldier raises up a sponge soaked in vinegar to quench Jesus thirst, while another looks…
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The Crucifixion by Maarten van Heemskerck comes from the convent of the Rich Clares in Ghent. Various aspects of the Passion have been brought together here in one scene. The crucified Christ hangs high above the crowd, between the good and the bad murderers. One soldier raises up a sponge soaked in vinegar to quench Jesus thirst, while another looks up in awe at the dying man. In the right foreground soldiers cast dice for Jesus clothes. On the left we see Mary swoon in the arms of the apostle John. At the foot of the cross Mary Magdalene is overcome with grief as she gazes up at the Messiah. The donor, wearing a priests surplice, kneels in the foreground on the left. His identity is not known. The beautifully executed horses in the background are not based on nature studies but on sketches Maarten van Heemskerck made of classical works when he visited Italy from 1532 to 1536.
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More about this work

Features
Artist / maker Maarten van Heemskerck VIAF RKD Wikidata
Type oil paintings (visual works) AAT
Categories paintings (visual works) AAT, Decretaal beschermd topstuk
Materials oil paint , panel
Dimensions 323 x 265 cm
Location Work on display
Object number S-52
Description
Subjects religious symbolism AAT, landscapes
Tags New Testament Iconclass, Christ Iconclass, Christ as adult Iconclass, public life of Christ: from his baptism until the Passion Iconclass, Passion of Christ Iconclass, the crucifixion of Christ: Christ's death on the cross; Golgotha (Matthew 27:45-58; Mark 15:33-45; Luke 23:44-52; John 19:25-38) Iconclass, bystanders at the foot of the cross, among whom Mary, Mary Magdalene and John the Evangelist; Mary may be shown swooning Iconclass, crucified Christ with Mary, John, and Mary Magdalene Iconclass, loin-cloth ~ particularities of crucifixion scenes Iconclass, lance ~ instruments of the Passion Iconclass, nails ~ instruments of the Passion Iconclass, crown of thorns ~ instruments of the Passion Iconclass, single instruments of the Passion (PINCERS) Iconclass, single instruments of the Passion (SPONGE) Iconclass, single instruments of the Passion (DICE) Iconclass, single instruments of the Passion (HAMMER) Iconclass, blood spouting from Christ's wounds Iconclass, inscription Iconclass, the superscription: I(esus) N(azarenus) R(ex) I(udaeorum) ~ Christ's crucifixion Iconclass, saints Iconclass, female saints Iconclass, Veronica; possible attributes: 'Sudarium' (veil with the image of Christ) Iconclass, 'Vera Icon', held up by Veronica Iconclass, private soldier Iconclass, crown (symbol of sovereignty) Iconclass, the soldier; the soldier's life Iconclass, hacking and thrusting weapons (SABRE) Iconclass, shoes, sandals Iconclass, executioner, hangman Iconclass, tools, aids, implements ~ crafts and industries: knife Iconclass, armour Iconclass, helmet Iconclass, head-gear Iconclass, head-gear: cap Iconclass, head-gear: hat Iconclass, head-gear (HEADSCARF) Iconclass, veil Iconclass, the Virgin Mary Iconclass, the penitent harlot Mary Magdalene; possible attributes: book (or scroll), crown, crown of thorns, crucifix, jar of ointment, mirror, musical instrument, palm-branch, rosary, scourge Iconclass, ointment-jar Iconclass, tears Iconclass, weeping Iconclass, (public) prayer Iconclass, belt, girdle, waistband Iconclass, John the Baptist; possible attributes: book, reed cross, baptismal cup, honeycomb, lamb, staff Iconclass, murderer Iconclass, postures and gestures of arms and hands in relation to each other Iconclass, hands against each other Iconclass, index finger upwards Iconclass, arm or hand held in front of the body Iconclass, hand holding the breast Iconclass, (human) skull Iconclass, morphology of facial expression Iconclass, looking upwards Iconclass, clothes, costume Iconclass, landscapes in the temperate zone Iconclass, city-view, and landscape with man-made constructions Iconclass, housing Iconclass, civic architecture; edifices; dwellings Iconclass, urban housing Iconclass, gold-thread embroidery Iconclass, ornaments, jewels Iconclass, hay-cock Iconclass, riding a horse, ass, or mule; rider, horseman Iconclass, horse Iconclass, head-stall Iconclass, bit Iconclass, reins Iconclass, saddle Iconclass, container of metal: bucket, can, canister, drum, tin, etc. Iconclass, animals Iconclass, mammals Iconclass
Vlaamse Kunstcollectie - EN

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