Calvary

Public Domain

Artist / maker

Jan Provoost (painters (artists))

Date

ca. 1515 - ca. 1530

Period

16th century
The spectator is immediately struck by thedazzling array of colours and the chaos of the many overlapping figures in the crowd in this Calvary scene. This is typical of Provoost’s style. Many of the figures, such as the horseman, Mary Magdalene, John the Apostle and the holy women, were directly copied from engravings or paintings by artists such as Rogier…
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The spectator is immediately struck by thedazzling array of colours and the chaos of the many overlapping figures in the crowd in this Calvary scene. This is typical of Provoost’s style. Many of the figures, such as the horseman, Mary Magdalene, John the Apostle and the holy women, were directly copied from engravings or paintings by artists such as Rogier van der Weyden. The dog is clearly inspired by a print by Albrecht Dürer. While Provoost is developing the tale of Christ’s death on the cross, several of the figures in the painting clearly do not belong in this biblical scene. The young man with his black beret, above the holy women to the left, the figure in armour under the cross and the stout man in pink on the far right are clearly portraits of contemporary characters. A view of Bruges in the distance, on the right, depicts St. Donatus’ Church and the fortress of the Seven Towers, which no longer exist.
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More about this work

Features
Artist / maker Jan Provoost VIAF RKD Wikidata
Type oil paintings (visual works) AAT
Category paintings (visual works)
Materials oil paint , panel
Dimensions 102 x 79.5 cm
Location Work on display
Object number 1900-B
Description
Subjects religious symbolism AAT, landscapes
Tags New Testament Iconclass, Christ Iconclass, Christ as adult Iconclass, adult Christ together with apostles, evangelists, saints, etc. Iconclass, public life of Christ: from his baptism until the Passion Iconclass, Passion of Christ Iconclass, the crucifixion of Christ: Christ's death on the cross; Golgotha (Matthew 27:45-58; Mark 15:33-45; Luke 23:44-52; John 19:25-38) Iconclass, bystanders at the foot of the cross, among whom Mary, Mary Magdalene and John the Evangelist; Mary may be shown swooning Iconclass, crucified Christ with Mary, John, and Mary Magdalene Iconclass, loin-cloth ~ particularities of crucifixion scenes Iconclass, crown of thorns ~ instruments of the Passion Iconclass, lance ~ instruments of the Passion Iconclass, blood spouting from Christ's wounds Iconclass, inscription Iconclass, the superscription: I(esus) N(azarenus) R(ex) I(udaeorum) ~ Christ's crucifixion Iconclass, executioner, hangman Iconclass, tools, aids, implements ~ crafts and industries: knife Iconclass, armour Iconclass, helmet Iconclass, head-gear: cap Iconclass, head-gear: hat Iconclass, head-gear (HEADSCARF) Iconclass, veil Iconclass, the Virgin Mary Iconclass, the penitent harlot Mary Magdalene; possible attributes: book (or scroll), crown, crown of thorns, crucifix, jar of ointment, mirror, musical instrument, palm-branch, rosary, scourge Iconclass, ointment-jar Iconclass, weeping Iconclass, tears Iconclass, (public) prayer Iconclass, the soldier; the soldier's life Iconclass, belt, girdle, waistband Iconclass, John the Baptist; possible attributes: book, reed cross, baptismal cup, honeycomb, lamb, staff Iconclass, infant, baby ~ the ages of man Iconclass, postures and gestures of arms and hands in relation to each other Iconclass, hands against each other Iconclass, index finger upwards Iconclass, arm or hand held in front of the body Iconclass, hand holding the breast Iconclass, hands folded Iconclass, hands folded with fingers knit Iconclass, (human) skull Iconclass, dog Iconclass, morphology of facial expression Iconclass, looking upwards Iconclass, clothes, costume Iconclass, city-view, and landscape with man-made constructions Iconclass, housing Iconclass, civic architecture; edifices; dwellings Iconclass, urban housing Iconclass, prospect of city, town panorama, silhouette of city Iconclass, names of cities and villages (BRUGES) Iconclass, names of historical buildings, sites, streets, etc. (SAINT DONATION’S CHURCH) Iconclass, names of historical buildings, sites, streets, etc. (THE SEVEN TOWERS) Iconclass, gold-thread embroidery Iconclass, head-gear Iconclass, ornaments, jewels Iconclass, hay-cock Iconclass, riding a horse, ass, or mule; rider, horseman Iconclass, landscapes in the temperate zone Iconclass, (high) hill Iconclass, trees Iconclass, groups of trees Iconclass, flowers Iconclass, plants (in general) Iconclass, river Iconclass
Vlaamse Kunstcollectie - EN

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